Global Lambda Integrated Facility

Subject FYI: Open Lightpath Exchanges, The Data Deluge, Software Defined R&E Networks
From "Bill St. Arnaud" <bill.st.arnaud@xxxxxxxxx>
Date Sun, 4 Dec 2011 19:50:24 -0500

Comments welcome
Bill


[Several readers of this blog have pointed to the article in last
weeks NYTimes on the genomics data deluge. There is such a huge
volume of genomics and bio-informatics data being produced that it
cannot be transferred over commercial Internet networks, and instead
organizations are using FedX and other sneaker nets to ship the data.
The same crisis in data volumes is also occurring in the climate
modeling and other fields as well.

Research and Education networks for many years have been warning
about this coming data tsunami. For the most part they have the
capacity and the tools to easily enable the transfer of these large
data volumes. No commercial networks have this capability at this
time. But the biggest problem is a lot of this data is not being
generated by universities or R&E organizations but commercial
facilities closely aligned with the R&E community. Numerous
bioinformatics companies, like SoftGenetics, DNAStar, DNAnexus and
NextBio, have sprung up to as they have found life sciences a fertile
market for products that handle large amounts of information.

This poses a real dilemma for many R&E network, especially those who
receive public funding. They cannot be seen to competing with the
private sector (even though commercial networks do not yet have the
capability or technology to deliver such data volumes), and in many
cases their stated public policies do not allow then to connect
commercial facilities. Compounding this problem is that most of the
modern computational tools needed to analyze this data are only
available on commercial clouds. Academic HPC facilities and university
based cloud solutions generally cannot scale as quickly as commercial
cloud providers in providing as many cores as required on demand to
analyze this data. As well many grad students and many small
innovative business are developing the necessary analysis tools to
work only on the commercial clouds, as they are driven by the revenue
opportunity of click compute models offered by many commercial
cloud providers.

R&E networks are thus conflicted. Academic institutions and
commercial organizations need access to commercial clouds to analyze
this torrent of data  yet their acceptable use policy may prohibit
the interconnection to commercial facilities, especially if the other
end of the connection is also a commercial organization. This is where
Open Lightpath Exchanges can play a critical role, much like the
earlier NAPs played in the early day of the commercialization of the
Internet.

Open LightPath Exchanges, by their very definition are policy free.
That means anyone can cross connect to anyone else regardless whether
they are commercial organizations or academic institutions. Open
LightPath Exchanges are being established all around the world and
many more are expected to be deployed in the coming year. A good
background paper on Open LightPath Exchanges Open Exchanges for
Open Science can be found at:
http://www.glif.is/publications/papers/20110519BStA_Open_Exchanges.pdf

Open Lightpath Exchanges allow commercial organizations, who benefit
from R&E data, to bring their own fiber to the exchange point so that
they can interconnect to R&E networks and commercial clouds. Many R&E
networks also connect to commercial clouds through Open LightPath
Exchange Points. But what if you are not located near a city that
hosts an Open LightPath Exchange? Several R&E networks offer what are
called Distributed Open Lightpath Exchange points  but these
facilities are often restricted to academic institutions. This is
where Software Defined Networks can help as they allow the deployment
of condominium optical networks that allow both commercial and
academic institutions to share the same fiber or lightpath, and yet
not have policy of funding conflicts in terms of use of the fiber.

The CANARIE/CRC User Controlled Lightpths (UCLP) was one of the first
to develop such technology to enable the deployment of condominium
lightpaths, where each organization can independently manage their own
set of lightpaths, with independent use policies, on a common fiber or
optical infrastructure. Internet 2 and National Lambda Rail are now
making significant strides in this field as well as other research
initiatives such as the ORCA experiment described below. Now that NLR
has been re-energized by Dr. Patrick Soon Shiong acquisition, as
docuemented in the Cook Report to drive a national bio-informatics
strategy I think we will see a huge puch to integrate Open Lightpath
Exchanges with Software Defined Networks. Some pointers follow 
BSA]

DNA Sequencing Caught in Deluge of Data

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/01/business/dna-sequencing-caught-in-deluge-of-data.html?_r=2

RENCI to Demonstrate On-Demand Resources and Provisioning at SC11

http://www.hpcinthecloud.com/hpccloud/2011-11-02/renci_to_demonstrate_on-demand_resources_and_provisioning_at_sc11.html?utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed

Scientists studying data or compute-intensive problems require high
bandwidth and computational resources, often from heterogeneous
systems at different sites.

[]

ORCA was developed by Duke computer science professor Jeff Chase and
his students with funding from the National Science Foundation. It is
one of the experimental control frameworks for the NSF's Global
Environments for Network Innovation (GENI) project. GENI is a virtual
laboratory for networking experiments that will help researchers
develop the tools and protocols that will define future internets.
With funding from the Department of Energy Advanced Scientific
Computing Research program and the NSF Software Development for
Cyberinfrastructure program, researchers are adapting ORCA as an
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) platform for serving the diverse
needs of computational scientists.

The first demonstration will execute a scientific workflow by using
ORCA to allocate a slice of computational resources from multiple
cloud providers and bandwidth-provisioned network connections between
provider sites. The workflow, managed by the Pegasus workflow
management system, will use six serial applications, which will run on
Condor clusters dynamically provisioned from clouds owned by RENCI in
Chapel Hill, NC, and by Duke University in Durham, NC. The two clouds
are connected by the Breakable Experimental Network (BEN), an
experimental network that connects RENCI and its partner institutions
at Duke, UNC-Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University.



A related demonstration will use the ORCA framework to execute a
Hadoop workflow on multiple clouds connected through
bandwidth-provisioned network pipelines. Hadoop is a software
framework for data-intensive distributed applications. A third
demonstration will take a closer look at a part of the first
demonstration: the on-demand provisioning of computational
infrastructure to stand up a Condor cluster in a networked cloud
environment.

The Networked Health Information Technology Universe

http://www.cookreport.com/

National LambdaRail, the most innovative American optical research
network, has been taken over by Los Angeles billionaire Patrick Soon
Shiong.

The COOK Report was permitted a very brief interview with Robert
Peirce, the Manager of Dr. Soon Shiong's financial interests. We had
done a lot of research about the Dr's activities before the late
August interview and given the scarcity of information afforded us, we
spent a great deal of time executing an open intelligence search of
the web. (A month before the interview nd another two months after.)
We paint a very detailed picture of the Dr.'s activities especially
during the time since the sale of his first company, American
Pharmaceutical Partners in 2008, that made him a billionaire. 

We conclude that the Dr. is using his immense wealth to build a new
health care system in the southern Califronia and Phoenix Airizona
area. While we agree that his policy and technology analysis is highly
innovative and logistically sound, we are concerned that, although he
makes many stirring speaches, he opperates largely out of sight. But,
as readers will find, out extensive use of the Web enables us to build
a very detailed portrait of what he is doing.

------

Green Internet Consultant. Practical solutions to reducing GHG
emissions such as free broadband and electric highways.
http://green-broadband.blogspot.com/

email: Bill.St.Arnaud@xxxxxxxxx

twitter: BillStArnaud

blog: http://billstarnaud.blogspot.com/

skype: Pocketpro



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